Psychedelics: Lifting the veil | Robin Carhart-Harris | TEDxWarwick


Translator: Tanya Cushman
Reviewer: Peter van de Ven It’s easy to be captivated
by the world out there. It’s a fascinating place. It’s deserving of this attention. But what if we were to invert
our focus and look inside? What would we find? I study psychedelic drugs for a living, and the reason why I do this – apart from good fortune – is because I think they’re special. And the reason why I think they’re special is that I believe
they have a unique ability to reveal to us
the very depths of our minds. Dreams and perhaps
a select few other states may hint at what lies beyond the reaches
of normal consciousness, but psychedelics, in my view, are really
unrivaled in their ability to do this. Now, many of you will be familiar
with the word “psychedelic,” but I doubt so many of you are familiar
with its origins or what it means. So, psychedelic was a word
that was coined in the 1950s by the British psychiatrist
Humphry Osmond, with reference to this class
of drugs that I study, and it combines two Greek words,
“psyche” and “delos,” which, when put together, mean “to make the mind manifest”
or “to reveal the soul.” Now, I’ve been fascinated by psychology
for most of my adult life, but one question that has always bugged me is why can’t it prove the existence
of the unconscious mind? Is it because it doesn’t exist? Or is it because it
is especially difficult to see? Now, I’ve come to believe
quite strongly that it’s the latter, but then the key question is how could we make it easier to see? Freud famously told us about dreams, how they’re a window in
on the unconscious, a “royal road.” But the problem is
dreaming happens while we’re asleep, and then when we wake up, all we’re left with is this flimsy memory
of what we actually experienced. So it’s while I was studying
for my Masters that I found myself asking
whether a drug exists that could facilitate
access to the unconscious mind. I did a brief library search,
and I came across this book: “Realms of the Human Unconscious:
Observations from LSD Research,” written by the Czech psychiatrist
Stanislav Grof in 1975. So I swiftly took this book
out of the library; I brought it back to my room; I opened it and I read: “Many of the phenomena
in these LSD sessions could be understood in psychological
and psychoanalytic terms; they had a structure
not dissimilar to that of dreams. And Freud once said of dreams that they are a royal road
to a knowledge of the unconscious mind, but to an even greater degree, this seems to be true
for the LSD experience.” And finally: “The capacity
of psychedelic drugs to exteriorise otherwise
invisible phenomena and make them the subject
of scientific investigation gives these substances a unique potential as research tools
for the exploration of the human mind. It does not seem inappropriate
or an exaggeration to compare their potential significance
for psychiatry” – and for psychology – “to that of the microscope for medicine
or the telescope for astronomy.” So, as you can imagine,
after reading these things, I was filled with a very strong sense
of purpose and direction. I wrote to Professor David Nutt,
then at the University of Bristol, and I told him I wanted
to study the brain on LSD and to see whether it looks
like the dreaming brain. Anyway, David was kind enough
to allow me to join his team, and then four years later,
I completed my PhD with him. Soon after that, I was lucky enough to begin
some quite exciting brain-imaging research with psychedelic drugs. First with psilocybin, which is
the active ingredient in magic mushrooms, and more recently with LSD. Now, it’s quite difficult
to explain to people how psychedelic drugs work in the brain, and it’s harder still
to do that in 18 minutes. So instead what I’m going to do is show you a few pictures and
give you a few analogies to think about. So what we’re looking at here
are communication pathways in the brain. Each line is a communication pathway between two different
regions in the brain. And believe it or not, there’s actually an equal number of lines,
or pathways, in these two circles, yet they look very different, don’t they? Essentially, what we’re seeing
is the normal brain on the left, where communication is confined to particular communities,
or cliques, in the brain. So, for example, visual regions are talking
mostly with other visual regions; this is what happens ordinarily. Then we look at the psychedelic
brain on the right; there’s much less of this cliquing, and much more of an open,
freer conversation going on across the brain. Another useful way to think
of how psychedelics work in the brain is to think of what
it’s like to be an infant: Experiencing everything is novel; feeling emotionally labile – one minute you’re laughing
and the next you’re crying; having a wildly overactive imagination; being mesmerized by the likes
of Iggle Piggle or Makka Pakka. It’s no coincidence, therefore, that if you look at how the brain develops
as we develop from infancy into adulthood and you compare that with how the brain
changes under a psychedelic, what you see are kind of mirror opposites. So instead of a brain becoming
more sophisticated as we develop, more finessed, but also more constrained, you have a brain that is simpler
and freer in its functioning. The third useful way to think
of how psychedelics work in the brain is to think of the dream state. Here we’re looking at the effects
of LSD on the brain, and what we’re seeing
is that much more of the brain contributes to the visual experience
under LSD than it does ordinarily. And this effect correlated very strongly with the dreamlike visions
that people reported under LSD when their eyes were closed. So we could think of both these states,
the dream state and the psychedelic state, as conditions where the brain
becomes untethered, or unanchored, from incoming sensory information. And then in this state, it can operate in a more anarchic,
freewheeling kind of way, conjuring up imagery from the very depths
of the mind and the brain rather than relying on sensory information
coming into the brain. Perhaps the most important thing to have come out of our research
with psychedelics isn’t the knowledge
of how they work in the brain but rather some idea
of how they may be useful or how they can be applied. So, we’ve recently completed the first phase of the first step
of clinical trial, looking at psilocybin, magic mushrooms,
as a treatment for major depression. Now, it’s important that I make you aware of the magnitude
of the problem of depression; it really isn’t something
that should be swept under the carpet although, unfortunately, often it is. It’s a leading cause
of disability, worldwide. It actually affects
some 350 million people. To put that in perspective, that’s more than the total population
of the United States. And if you care about money,
it’s also especially costly. It’s the most costly
brain disorder in Europe, and it’s annual cost to the U.S. alone
is 200 billion dollars. That’s roughly the GDP
of the Republic of Ireland. And depression is quite
an insidious disorder; it’s often evident
by the absence of something. That might be the absence of pleasure,
or positive mood more generally, or it could be the absence
of the individual themselves; they may simply not get out of bed
in the morning and make it into work. The depression is the leading cause
of absenteeism in the workplace. But depression can also
be more stark in its presentation and often, tragically, when it’s too late. Some 15% of patients with major depression
will take their own lives, and it’s a frightening statistic now
that suicide is the leading cause of death among males
under the age of 45 in the UK. So what can be done about these things? How effective are current treatments? Well, the good news
is that they’re not ineffective. This chart here shows
the relative effect size of different treatments for depression. Just to give you some perspective on it, it’s convention to consider
that an effect size of 0.8 – which is where the line is – as large. So you can see that antidepressant medications,
psychotherapy and placebo all have pretty large
effect sizes in depression. But even so, around about 50% of patients won’t respond to the antidepressants
that their doctors prescribe them, and as many of 20% fail to respond
to any treatment at all. And it’s these particularly refractory
treatment-resistant cases that we’re seeing in our current trial. But before I tell you about our results, I think it’s important
that I emphasize to you, especially to those of you who are naive
to the effects of psychedelics, that an experience with one of these drugs can be among the most profound
of the whole of your life. So evidence suggests
that in terms of meaningfulness, it can be up there
with pretty much anything: facing death, falling in love or bringing in new life. So the key point is that these
are not party drugs; they’re incredibly powerful substances
that should be treated with respect, as they have been by certain cultures
for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. It’s also important to emphasize that
when we give psilocybin to our patients, we do so with full legal
and ethical approval, and we simply don’t tell them to chuck a bunch of magic mushrooms
down their necks and hope for the best. We carefully prepare them
for their experiences. They’re looked after
by a trained team of therapists. They have two sessions
with the psilocybin; they’re looked after throughout, and the therapists help them
make sense of things afterwards. So, here we can see
the magnitude of the effect that we’re seeing with psilocybin so far. Psilocybin is shown in blue, and you can see the data
at two weeks post-treatment and three months post-treatment. Now, I should caution
that it’s early days yet; we had 12 patients
in the trial at this stage, now, actually, we have more data
and the effects look even better. But even so, there was several
hundred patients in these other studies. Also, all of our patients knew
that they were going to receive psilocybin whereas these other studies
had a placebo-control element – that’s actually what we
are going to be doing next. Even so with these caveats, you can see that the magnitude
of the effect that we’re seeing so far is pretty considerable, even at the three-month
post-treatment period where they haven’t received any treatments
from us for that duration of time. Also remember that our patients
had treatment-resistant depression; many of our patients reported having had their depression
for most of their adult lives. The average duration of the illness
in this sample was 18 years, yet all of them showed some improvement
in their depressive symptoms for at least three weeks
after the treatment. Some two-thirds, 67%, met criteria
for remission one week post treatment. Remission means they
are essentially depression free. And 42% maintained that status
of being depression free for three months after the treatment. So to finish, I’m just going
to read you a short case report written by one of
the patients in our trial. He’s male, age 52, has a very long history of depression, quite severe depression
stretching back to his 20s. He’s tried a number
of different medications, all of which haven’t worked for him, and also psychotherapy. So about his baseline state before
the treatment, he says the following: “For decades, I’ve battled depression. The awful feeling that you don’t matter,
you’re not making a difference, that everyone else
is having a better life. The utter pointlessness of it all,
getting no real enjoyment from anything.” Then about the experience, he says: “There simply aren’t words to describe it, but I can say that the usual
negative self-narration that I have had vanished completely. It was replaced
by a sense of beautiful chaos, a landscape of unimaginable
color and beauty. I began to see that all of my concerns
about daily living weren’t relevant, that they were a result
of a negative spiral. I also felt like I was learning
without being taught; that intuition was being fed. The fleeting feelings
from my past came back, memories too, both of which had seemed long forgotten.” Then about the outcome; this was written a couple of weeks
after he completed the trial. He says, “Although it’s early days yet,
the results are amazing. I feel more confident and calm
than I have in such a long time. My outlook has changed significantly too. I’m more aware that it’s pointless
to get wrapped up in endless negativity. I also feel as if I’ve seen
a much clearer picture. Another side to this is that I feel
like I’ve had a second chance, like a survivor. I can enjoy things now the way I used to without the cynicism,
without the oppression. At its most basic, I feel like I used to
before the depression.” If you’re curious how this patient
is doing in the longer term, we’ve collected his six-month
follow-up data now; I’m pleased to say
that he’s still in remission. You can see his data
highlighted here in blue. Of course, I’ve cherry-picked
a particularly good example here, and you can see from
other patients on this chart that at the three-month follow-up period, they’re showing some signs of relapse. So this is an important opportunity
to say that this isn’t a magic cure; it’s not a golden bullet
that’s going to help everyone; there’s much more work
that needs to be done to learn how to optimize this treatment
and further test its effectiveness. But hopefully you’ve got a sense
from that case that I reported, and I can tell you from many
other cases I’ve sat with now that when this is done properly – with the right level of preparation, good drug effects working in synergy, with good therapy – to lift the veil on the mind
and exorcise what lies beneath, it can truly work like a dream. Thank you very much. (Applause)

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Comments

  1. The effects of LSD: this guy talks at half normal human speed! I can only bear listening to him at 2x. These brain damaged fucks turned themselves into zombies, they are jealous of your normal healthy functioning, and want to turn you into a zombie too.

  2. Depression is a 200 billion dollar industry and Psilocybe Cubensis grows for free in nature and helps cure depression. One day we'll figure it out…

  3. I'm so proud we are moving through to something good at last. But in the process, one should not be deceived – psychedelics are not drugs, these are bridges that lead you to…yourself. Because you Are everything – you, me, others, everything, the universe – call it whatever you like – it's you. The reason we suffer is our lack of faith, detached perception of ourselves, our distorted perception of everything, false values that we cannot reject nor accept. I hope we will evolve. Please excuse me for my weak English.

  4. I've recently gotten over my lsd addiction. Psycological addiction that is. Now I just need to keep not abusing it :/

  5. NO, the depression is not a problem for society, it is a HUGE business! it makes people do all the stuff the capitalism and religion need to go on.. therefore psychedelics are proclaimed enemy no.1, worse than communism, because they can destroy the matrix of fear and frustration that was carefully woven around us for thousands of years, to make us into predictable slaves of our mindmasters

  6. Wow I just found this channel as I was listening I had an awesome flash backs & realized my child will soon come to me with a questions she'd like answered honestly… Its been 20 yrs ago for me (when made with real MDMA) but 2 day who knows what our child is getting these days…. Some of the best times of my life its the unknown ingredients in it that I fear

  7. ''Now it's quite difficult to explain to you what LSD does to the brain in just 18 minutes, so what I'm going to do is give each of you a tab, enjoy''

  8. Psychedelics have helped me immensely with depression. I never would believe that I have been one to abuse them. The times in my life I have used them were dark and depressing times and psychedelics have, like Robin had said, "Lifted the veil". They allow me to unearth the repressed thoughts, memories, and emotions, and face them head on, and being cognizant of what is happening to be able to somewhat psychoanalyze myself. Much like a dream, what is unearthed is abstract and symbolic, and it is import to be able to decipher the experience into what it actually means in real terms, as to say actualize and realize the experience.

    I would be so happy to see psychedelics become more available in methods of treatment and medicinal use Western medicines.

  9. Ok, but the searching part it’s also important. Make sense that you are not passively given the drug. This are natural drugs and it must be part of treatment that you go and find it for yourself

  10. This research seems to show that the brain during psychedelic visions gets the content of the visions from somewhere that isn't the normal physical environment in which the user took the substance.. but does that necessarily mean that psychedelics make you see things that aren't real?
    I don't think so. It may be true that some things are taken from the mind and its past associations and images, but how do we explain the DMT flash or other tryptamine visions? Where does that content come from?
    And how are so many psychedelic experiences similar to one another? How do people meet similar entities and have similar experiences on the same substance if the brain is simply hallucinating things out of its own hidden contents? Isn't everyone's brain unique??

  11. Raise your hand if you've used psychedelics and it changed your mental health for the better 🙋🏻

  12. Robin starts off implying psychedelics are best for 'looking within'. I disagree. Inner implies outer and vice verse. Yes, there can be great value and healing'looking inward', and that seems to be what the therapeutic set and setting model is the ritual most promoted, people encouraged to put on eye shades and music earphones, and lying down. But the 'out there' is ALSO alive and magical, and to see and experience it without the rigid 'reducing valve' is simply amazing, and VERY insightful. Observing is not JUST a 'looking out' –as said, inner and outer are a dynamic.

  13. I am confused where Robin says this: "So we can think of both these states, the dream state, and the psychedelic state, as conditions where the brain becomes untethered, or unanchored from incoming sensory information, and then in this state it can operate from a more anarchic freewheeling kind of way, conjuring up imagery from the very depths of the mind and the brain rather than relying on sensory information coming into the brain". For example, some of the most amazing imagery can come from music, That is incoming sensory information, right? But it is more senses become alive. Suddenly the music is alive. the vibrations of the music are alive. Living Whereas we are usually trained to think of things as objective and disconnected from us.

  14. Saying 20% of depressed people “do not respond to treatment” is misleading. Fatally misleading in too many cases. We are not failing to respond to treatment. We are being given the wrong treatment. A cast on your left arm is great if your left arm is broken. But it won’t help a broken right arm and even make the whole thing worse, because now although you still have a broken left arm, you have this useless cast on your right arm causing even more trouble. Depression, anxiety, etc. rise from a variety of causes. Treating them as if they are all the same thing is wrong headed. Fatally so, as I said earlier.

  15. these r to be done with responsibility. bad trips do happen and people should take precautions before diving into an experience like that. do ur research. start low. have a comfortable environment. a reliable tripsitter. take this advice and u increase ur likelyhood of having a good experience

  16. im part of the 1%. Try some 5meoDMT and then let's talk 🙂 Craziest thing you can do in life! If anyone wants to make donations to acquire some let me know 🙂 great opportunity for those who are depressed, mentally ill or just want to enhance life/make a quantum leap. Depending on your donation will determine how much DMT you will receive. Just putting out to the universe if interested parties want to contact me and we can discuss further your needs and what is a preferably solution. Have a wonderful day and will be awaiting those who want to change their life. Take care everyone.

  17. Cannabis is the cure and uncalcifys the Pineal Gland, calcified by the Fluoride in your Food and Water which is the base component for  PROZAC. Scheduale 1 not because it's ever killed, but because it cures Alcohol and Opiate addiction and is an exit drug which isn't addictive and works with our Endocannabinoid system. Mushrooms/LSD are good for people with brain damage as well as Cannabis because they help regrow brain cells.

  18. if you want to find comparisons with the unconscious/dreaming mind youre using the wrong substance, the one you are looking for is nn dmt

  19. Depression. Have you ever ripped open a golf ball? I did when I was a curious 8yro. This vid slapped me in the face with that memory. I am not sure how it correlates with depression but it drives me to tears even as I make this comment. It wasn't the comparison illustration in the vid, that did this. I only now saw this as I comment. How ironic that the illustration on the right looks like a feak'n golf ball. Aware that I am a bipolar scyzi high school drop out I can hardly convince myself that there is something there. All I can see in this is tension and release. Help?

  20. DMT produced in the Brain, these Physics Blokes all know how to use it, watch them at a science shows, some where just sit there and trip. Been to Hundreds of these talks. Never a Fight, not even a yell.

  21. SSRI anti-depressants, psychotherapy and CBT do not alleviate my despair. I am acquainted with and know of many other people who are as aware of and are as affected by the things which contribute to my despair. Despite that, those people can still effectively and productively cope with life.
    I would very much like the opportunity to try psilocybin. At this point it could do little harm, and would be much better than the other alternative.

  22. Kids, stay away from all drugs.
    Ive worked with rehab teams in the past and I saw what they can do to your mind and body.
    Not cool.

  23. I hate this riduclous stigma against partying or having fun, on or off psychdelics! What insane a culture we live in when having fun is looked at as negative.

  24. 8:55: "Depression is one of the leading causes of absenteeism in the workplace."

    I imagine, too, that the workplace (or rather over-work and stress, and lack of it in unemployment) is one the leading causes of depression? I think we need to look at our wider society, as well, to help eliminate these causes. Maybe a move towards a 4-day working week would help on many levels.

  25. His patient gave a clue that he didn't matter. How many people feel they don't matter? Many. Somewhere significant in their life they didn't feel they mattered on an intimate level with important persons in their life. Wouldn't the solution lie in people being more compassionate with each other, with those we are closest to in life? Or is that basic life practice too old fashioned and simplistic to see? Not to mention it wouldn't make those comprising of the juvenile worldview much money.

  26. A book on LSD behind the Iron Curtain. Hmmmm. Shocker….it's not the "unconcious" mind…it's drugs. Stop the nonsense.

  27. If any seeks spiritual truth, if anyone cares what you are truly dealing with when you take psychedelics, if anyone cares about where you are going to end up after this life then check out the videos on my channel.

  28. Meditation lifts the veil for me, but it took a 10 day course, without speaking to lose my monkey mind. there are many ways to get there, but it's nice to know their is another one on the way. Depression is no fun. thanks to everyone who is working towards helping those suffering. Depression is like drowning in 2 feet of water…if they knew they could just stand up and stop drowning, but the mind is so powerful, it can sometimes make us think we are in an ocean as opposed to 2 feet of water.

  29. I just thought I'd add in to what everyone else is saying..

    Psilocybin made me quit depression and smoking. Helped me to find and refine my passion. Basically got me out of the slump I've been in ever since I fell into the default mode network after my childhood imagination had fled.

    For the proper people with the proper intentions, they can deliver magic.

  30. Hi. I'm rudy, I have CMT, and I've been taking psilocybin , to help rebuild my feet so I could walk better. It has taught me so much. I'd like to find a place where I could be a study, to do more test and see if my disease is actually curable. Please contact me

  31. This man is a magufo, don't believe him too much. First he talks about psychoanalysis, which has long been shown to be a pseudoscience. And then he says that dreams are the subconscious, when it has been shown that they are simulations of reality to be prepared when those situations occur. And dreams are held by all mammals.

    Este hombre es una magufo, no le creáis mucho. Primero habla del psicoanálisis , que ya se ha demostrado hace mucho que es una pseudociencia. y luego dice que los sueños son el subconsciente, cuando se ha demostrado que son simulaciones de la realidad para estar preparados cuando esas situaciones ocurran. Y los sueños los tienen todos los mamíferos.

  32. I feel sorry for those well meaning people from the 60's who discovered all this but were violently suppressed and ridiculed by the dominant culture that wants to keep everybody in the dark.

  33. Why can't we just allow people to do this already? Why are magic mushrooms still illegal? Alcohol is a known depressant and you can drink as much as you want, it makes no sense, I'm so tired of bureaucracy, just legalise it already, we the depressed don't have forever to wait.

  34. 👽Help wanted; intelligent humans only please some of you are morons. No offense! We’ve been waiting for 4.32 billion years

    👽How we created the simulations 👽

    Out of the “Big Bang”! Or what we call The Collapse, or “In the beginning.”
    Bang! Information
    Intensely hot eventually cooling. “The “Machine Elves form! These
    Molecular machines… we like Eves better they assemble, proteins. Eventually leading to DNA via the information. How?Following mathematical formulas written into the laws that come out of the information in the big bang.
    These many full spectrum radiation vibrations causing many frequencies to form. Think “Star in a jar” or Sonoluminescence but bigger.
    This would assemble molecules leading to the molecular machines these machines would eventually make proteins leading to a cell on a planet of all different types; making a cell, then another. Many will die! But others will create. Leading to complexity over time. Forming tryptamine proteins. Cells will start organizing in to a fungus mycelium. One of these will arrive on a rocky planet with more elements. Forming many more complex species. Using lightning and H2O you will get to human. So how?
    Full spectrum light. You can call that the start of the Big Bang. Out of that you get information. Information needs to be measured. Consciousness has arose from all this energy.
    Powering your meat robot body. Look at the world around you. You’ve descended down into mater.
    Let’s call it a simulation. Would a higher dimensional being playing a game of complexity? Yes!
    To find out it’s origin? Yes!
    Running more and more simulations leading to multiple universes, an infinite number of times. Leading to more and more complex things. As this energy you meat body would die. Don’t worry though! This will Lead to the collapse of that universe. You’re dead but would be reborn into another universe. Maybe this time as. Alien species on our planet. You’ve become a more complex life form. Complexity starting life over again. We live forever. We’re all one energy of consciousness. Experiencing itself subjectively. Enjoy your time on Earth, we may need you tomorrow!

    P.S: if you want to call us; but not die. We communicate with you through psilocybin mushrooms. 4-HO-DMT you must find the correct dosage for your own meat wagon. Start at 30mg using small titration of 5mg. Start timer… Taken on empty stomach with no other drugs in your system. Start talking at the 1 hour 27 minute mark. So we can focus on your location. 🍄🛸👽cheers and good luck to you. Hopefully one of you will receive the message some day. We look forward to hearing from you.

  35. I've done some personal 'research' with LSD in my early 20s and have always explained it as induced synesthesia.

  36. ….🤨

    This dude definitely seems like he has experience with psychedelics….

    Yes these drugs can force people to gain new perspectives which is often beneficial. And that can be a good thing. But he is taking waaaay to many leaps in reasoning to get to his conclusions. I also have had positive results from lsd usage, including better social skills and higher rates of thinking and reactionary time. So what? I took a drug and it effected me in ways. This does nothing to prove there is something “special” or “spiritual “ about these drugs and the experiences we have while on them. It still comes down to brain chemistry, and physics. And although i agree we should not completely ban these drugs i am always surprised when people claim they have amazing special powers.

  37. It seems to me the effects do not last for long periods, for the same reason going to see a happy film will not keep you permanently uplifted. At the most it’s a happy reprieve from one’s normal day to day existence.

  38. I just want to stop this Ongoing anhedonia ffs. I'm 18 now yet I feel like I'm in my mid 30s I finished school @ 16 because the British education system is BS and that was the last time I felt so alive. I loved music to the point I wouldn't sleep without it, now it's just sound. Everything from social interactions to food has become so dull. I was funnier and more creative with higher cognitive ability. Everything was generally better it's like someone took the colour from everything

  39. Pharmaceuticals can only help you suppress your depression by making you ignore and cloud the root cause of your depression . Let alone that they are addictive and must be taken daily and when the effects wear out you feel even worse than before. Let alone all the long term psychotic side effects. On the other hand, psychedelics help u connect new bridges in your mind that your whole perception of reality changes. It is a tool that allows you to dive deep within yourself and makes you look into all your problems dead in the eye and confront them.

  40. Hey Christians………..Your Jesus said to make it your priority to "seek ye the Kingdom of Heaven"

    And he told you that this kingdom lies within.

    So, if a mushroom helps you find it, can it be at all bad?

  41. My first "trip" felt like decades of positive therapy. I felt ALIVE for the first time in my post childhood life. The effects lasted for a loooong time. And I only relapsed because of my incredibly toxic social environment, and economic situation.

  42. You should watch the Movie Fantastic Fungi. Louis Schwartzberg and Paul Stamets give us a glimpse into the power of mushrooms. It is unbelievable what nature can do when we work with it.

  43. Have anyone ever studied how psychedelic (sorry for bad english)works for people who are blind? I mean will they see tings with their minds eyes? Just qurious
    Also would it mean if they then can tripp visually, for people who have been blind from birth to see colours for the first time in their life.

  44. This guy should be operated by psychedelics user doctor, chauffeured by a psychedelics user driver and flown by a psychedelics user pilot

  45. Imagine smoking weed whiel you getting and Xray see the inside where the smoke goes in your body and brain 😂

  46. Anyone had a panic attack on Lsd and it caused major depression, I did and have been on antidepressants for 20 years with no real help,dont mess with your mind like that,dont use LSD.

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