Hey everyone! Its Wyn and welcome to another educational video by the Entropy System. As I’m sure you all know, DID is a widely misunderstood disorder which is the reason why we started this channel in the first place. Another widely misunderstood and misrepresented disorder is schizophrenia. Because public understanding of these disorders is fairly poor, the two often get confused or are used interchangeably, and so I’m going to talk today about the differences between dissociative identity disorder and schizophrenia. Let me start off by saying that neither of these disorders are inherently worse than the other. Neither one of these disorders is a death sentence and people with either disorder can go on to live successful and happy, fulfilling lives. Secondly, you may have noticed that in most of my videos I don’t cite any sources. That’s because there really isn’t much research that’s been done about D.I.D. and the stuff that is readily available to the public kind of just says the same thing over and over: Here are the diagnostic criteria. Here are the major symptoms. That’s it. What I talked about on this channel is mostly based on my personal experiences, experiences of other people with D.I.D. who I’ve talked to, and things that my therapist has told me directly. Today, I actually do have sources because there is an abundance of research about schizophrenia. If you’re interested in learning where I got my information from the video today, or if you’d like to do a little more studying on your own, I’ll put links to all of my sources in the description. One of the major reasons that people seem to confuse D.I.D. and schizophrenia is that people in both camps describe experiences of hearing voices. Additionally schizophrenia literally translates to “split mind” So it’s understandable that someone who’s not very well versed in mental disorders would confuse the two. There are, however, many major differences between the two disorders. As I discussed in my video about D.I.D. treatment, the two major diagnostic criteria for dissociative identity disorder are having two or more distinct personalities or identity states and experiencing amnesia. Personal distress caused by the disorder and the disorder not being a part of a normal religious practice or caused by substance abuse are also on the list. To be diagnosed with schizophrenia a person must have two of the following five symptoms and at least one of those symptoms has to be from the first three. The symptoms in order are delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior, and some kind of negative symptom. A negative something means that something is missing like a person doesn’t have facial expressions or they literally have no motivation to start new tasks. Treatment of these disorders is also vastly different. In fact, I’d go as far as to say they are polar opposites of one another. With D.I.D., part of the healing process is getting in touch with the voices, aka alternate identities. Each identity in a D.I.D patient is recognized as part of a whole unit and functionality is achieved when all these parts can work together as a whole or when they integrate back into one cohesive identity. With schizophrenia the voices, hallucinations, and delusions are not to be acknowledged. Patients are encouraged to work on distinguishing between reality and their delusions and to ignore the voices or hallucinations that they experience. Functionality is achieved when a person is able to shut out or ignore these symptoms. Finally, while there is no known cure for either schizophrenia or dissociative identity disorder, schizophrenia can be medicated. D.I.D. cannot. And like I said at the beginning, neither of these disorders are automatically debilitating and people can overcome them with proper treatment. If you’re interested in hearing a person with schizophrenia talk about their experiences, I’ve put a pair of links in the description below. One is to a TED talk by Cecilia McGough and another is a video to vlogger Grace Nicole. Now, Grace is a very young content creator and she can be a little high-energy at times, but I found that her explanation of her experiences and symptoms was actually quite eloquent. So that’s it for today. Thank you for watching. Please like comment and subscribe. We post new videos every week, and I hope you all have a wonderful day.